FAQs on the Sierra Leone Integrated Household Survey (SLIHS)
1. Q. What is SLIHS report?
A: SLIHS is a living standard measurement survey or household income and expenditure survey, conducted regularly in order to collect useful socio-economic data to support government planning process.
2. Q. What period is the survey covering?
A: The SLIHS data collection covered the period January to December 2018.
3. Q. What are the key areas covered in the survey?
A: The survey report explains, in broad terms, about Education & Literacy levels, Health issues, Housing conditions, Household income analysis and consumption expenditures, and Agriculture in the country.
4. Q. What is the estimated population covered by the survey?
A: The survey report covers a population of 7,534,981 constituting 1,248,180 households.
5. Q. What is the main economic activity undertaken in Sierra Leone according to the report?
A: The main household economic activity is agriculture, comprising crop production, livestock, forestry and fishing activities. This is followed by Whole & retail trade, accommodation and restaurant services, public administration services, education, health and social work.
6. Q. What is the ratio of men to women in the country?
A: The report states that females constitute 52.1% compared to males 47.9%. The general sex ratio is 92 males per 100 females indicating a female excess of 322,664 persons.
7. Q. What is the educational level of citizens in Sierra Leone, according to the report?
A: The report states that at least 4 out of every 10 Sierra Leonean did not complete any form of education.
8. Q. What is the most common illness recorded in the report?
A: The most common illness reported by respondents is Malaria. It is reported across the different age groups more than any other ailment.
9. Q. what does the report say about the rate of people sleeping under a bed net?
A: More children 0-4years slept inside a bed net. As age increases, the percentage of persons that slept inside mosquito net reduces.
10. Q. What is the statistics of health facility visit among Sierra Leoneans according to the report?
A: The report states that Country wide, only 6 out of every 10 of those that reported an illness visited a health facility. More people in the eastern region reported to a health facility than the other regions.
11. Q. What does the report say about hypertension?
A: The report states that the prevalence of hypertension is increasing with age from 65 to 75 years. The report shows that hypertension is reported much earlier by females 25, than males, 35 years.
12. Q. According to the report, what is the state of disability in Sierra Leone?
A: Disability has attracted the attention of Government, local councils and civil society organizations. The report states that 4.3 % of the total population is disabled.
13. Q. What is the economic wellbeing of households in Sierra Leone according to the report?
A: The survey results show that all Administrative divisions of Sierra Leone have households that are perceived to be fairly rich, especially Port Loko, Kenema, Bo and Tonkolili Districts.
14. Q. What is the level of interaction between banks and households?
A: The Survey revealed that Tonkolili and Kailahun Districts reported the least number of households with bank accounts during the period under review. The survey results show that generally credits/loans are acquired more from colleague traders, money lenders/microfinance institutions than from the banks, mostly to undertake housing projects, education, agriculture and health.
15. Q. What proportion of the population is working and which proportion is dependent?
A: The survey results revealed that 59.2% of the total population is dependent on the working population which is 40.8% from ages 15 to 64 years.
16. Q. How about the use of mobile phone among households in the country?
A: Actually 77.2% households have mobile phone coverage corresponding to 64.6% and 97.4% of rural and urban areas respectively.
17. Q. How is the gender situation on income per household?
A: SLIHS Analysis shows that Sierra Leone is a male dominated society, because males accrue higher incomes than females. For total employment income the females accrued less than one-seventh of the males’ total employment income.
18. Q. what does the report say about the sources of drinking water in the country?
A: There is a wide variation between households in the Western Region and those in the provincial regions in sourcing improved drinking water. In the Western Region, the main sources of drinking water are from piped & bottle/sachet (43.2% and 26.9%) respectively. In the provincial areas, the sources vary ie the Eastern Region has tube well (33.5%), protected dug- well (21.6). The North uses more of river/ stream (29.2%). The North West has tube well (22.5%), river/stream (22.6%), while the South uses tube well (25.0%) and river/stream (26.5%).
19. Q. How are the household expenditure levels on consumables and non-consumables?
A: The survey findings show that 61% of total average household consumption expenditure for all consumables was spent on food purchase compared to 39% spent on non-food purchase. This is an indication of some level of poverty.
20. Q. what are the food consumption expenditure levels by region?
A: The Western Region reported the highest total average food consumption expenditures (26.85%), followed closely by the Eastern Region (20.77%) and then the Northern Region (17.33%).
21. Q. What are the gender disparities on expenditure rates for communication?
A: The study shows that males spent, on average, more on communication (9.95%) than females (8.96%). The communication as a share of consumption, for male and female-headed households has almost one percent gap.
22. Q. What is the rate of cultivation by households in the different regions?
A: The study shows that, more male headed households cultivated agricultural land in the Eastern Region (24.44%) and female (23.68%), In the North West Region(22.73% male) and female(22.17%), South (male 23.58%), female (23.45%), while the North and Western Regions reported more female headed households cultivating land than male headed households.
23. Q. What is the quantity of land owned by households by district?
A: Analysis within districts show that Kailahun, Kenema, Port Loko, Tonkolili reported the highest, followed by Bo, Moyamba, Kono and Kambia.
24. Q. What is the percentage use of different boats for fishing purposes by regions?
Ans: In the Southern region, the dug-out canoe/boat has the highest percentage (85.99%), followed by 10.6% in the North West and the North East recorded 0%. The traditional wooden boat was singled out, the North West has the highest (43.73%), the Western Region has (32.1%), the Southern region (20.03%), the study further shows that the traditional wooden boats are not in use in the Eastern Region. It was also revealed that only the Western Region reported the highest use of modern manufactured boats (68.97%) and the North West (32.1%) which are the only two regions using manufactured modern boats in the country.